HIV and AIDS Statistics - Canada
Updated December 2014
A cumulative total of 78,511 HIV cases have been reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) since HIV reporting began in Canada in 1985.
In 2013, 2,090 HIV cases were reported, which represents a 0.4% decrease from the 2,099 cases reported in 2012 and is the lowest number of annual HIV cases since reporting began in 1985.
In 2013, as in previous years, Ontario accounted for the highest proportion and number of reported HIV cases (39.6%, n=827) in Canada, followed by Quebec (21.7%, n=453), British Columbia (13.0%, n=272), Alberta (12.5%, n=261), and Saskatchewan (6.1%, n=126).
21.9% of all cases reported in Canada were females. The proportion of female HIV diagnoses has declined since 2008.
In 2013, where exposure category for HIV diagnoses was known (66.0% of cases), 49.3% of all reported HIV cases in adults (≥ 15 years old) were attributed to the MSM exposure category. The second-most reported exposure category among adults was heterosexual contact (29.6%), which includes reported HIV cases attributed to heterosexual contact among people born in a country where HIV is endemic (Het-Endemic, 9.6%), heterosexual contact with a person at risk (Het-Risk, 10.4%), and heterosexual contact with someone with no identified risk (NIR-Het, 9.6%). The third-most frequently reported exposure category among adults in 2013 was injection drug use (IDU) exposure, accounting for 12.8% of reported HIV cases.
1. HIV and AIDS in Canada: Surveillance report to December 31, 2013, Public Health Agency of Canada.