HIV and AIDS Statistics - At a Glance

Updated November 2013

At the end of 2012, an estimated 35.3 million [32.2 million – 38.8 million] people living with HIV. This reflects the continued large number of new HIV infections and a significant expansion of access to antiretroviral therapy, which has helped reduce AIDS-related deaths, especially in more recent years. Worldwide, 2.3 million [1.9 million – 2.7 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2012, down from estimates in 2011.

The number of people living with HIV (including AIDS) in Canada continues to rise, from an estimated 64,000 in 2008 to 71,300 in 2011 (an 11.4% increase). Almost 25% of those with HIV do not know they have it.

The number of new infections in Canada 2011 was estimated at 3,175 (range between 2,250 and 4,100) which was about the same as or slightly fewer than the estimate in 2008 (3,335; range of 2,370 to 4,300).

Ontario has the highest number of positive HIV test reports in Canada, representing 44.4% of all HIV-positive reports from 1985 to 2006. Quebec has the second highest number, with (21.6%), followed by British Columbia, (20.6%).

Over 20,000 people have tested positive for HIV in Toronto since HIV testing began in late 1985. This represents 65% of all HIV-positive test reports in Ontario.

Men have accounted for 87.5% of all positive HIV test reports in Toronto since 1985. 82% of all infections among men in Toronto have been among gay, bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men.

Women have accounted for 12.5% of all positive HIV test reports in Toronto since 1985. 48% of all infections among women in Toronto have been among women from countries with high rates of HIV.


1. UNAIDS 2012 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic

2. Estimates of HIV Prevalence and Incidence in Canada, 2011. Public Health Agency of Canada.

3. HIV/AIDS In Ontario: Preliminary Report, 2011. Robert S. Remis, MD, University of Toronto, August 2013