HIV and AIDS Statistics - Canada
Updated December 2014
A cumulative total of 85,880 HIV cases have been reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) since HIV reporting began in Canada in 1985.
Most Recent Trends - 2014
In 2014, 2,570 HIV cases were reported, a slight rise from 2013 which had the lowest number of annual HIV cases since reporting began in 1985.
In 2014, as in previous years, Ontario accounted for the highest proportion and number of reported HIV cases (39.6%, n=827) in Canada, followed by Quebec (21.7%, n=453), British Columbia (13.0%, n=272), Alberta (12.5%, n=261), and Saskatchewan (6.1%, n=126).
23.2% of all cases reported in Canada were among women. Notwithstanding the slight uptick in 2014, the proportion of female HIV diagnoses has been in decline since 2008.
- There were approximately 1,396 new infections in 2014 attributed to the men who have sex with men (MSM) exposure category, representing 54.3% of all new infections. This estimate is similar to the 2011 estimate of 1,416 new infections.
- The estimate of 270 new infections in 2014 attributed to injection drug use (IDU) exposure was noticeably lower than the estimated of 384 for 2011.
- Similarly, the number of new infections attributed to the combined heterosexual contact exposure categories (non-endemic and endemic) was slighter lower in 2014 (839) compared to 2011 (927).
1. Summary: Estimates of HIV incidence, prevalence and proportion undiagnosed in Canada, 2014. Centre for Communicable Disease and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada.