HIV and AIDS Statistics - Canada
Updated November 2013
Since HIV reporting began in Canada in 1985, a cumulative total of 76,275 positive HIV test reports have been reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC).
In 2012 alone, 2,062 HIV cases were reported up to December 31st, which represents a 7.8% decrease from the 2011 reports (2,237 cases) and is the lowest number of annual HIV cases since reporting began in 1985.
As in previous years, Ontario accounted for the highest number of cases (843) followed by Quebec (450), Alberta (239), British Columbia (238) and Saskatchewan (184).
23.1% of all cases reported in Canada were females. Over the past decade, the proportion of female cases has remained generally stable at approximately one-quarter.
50.3% of all adult (≥15 years) positive HIV test reports with known exposure category were attributed to the MSM exposure category (gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men); in adult males alone, the MSM exposure category accounted for 65.1% of positive HIV test reports.
The second most reported exposure category among adults in 2012 was heterosexual contact, at 32.6% of case reports; 13.2% were attributed to heterosexual contact among people born in a country where HIV is endemic (Het-Endemic), 9.9% were attributed to heterosexual contact with a person at risk (Het-Risk), and 9.6% were attributed to having heterosexual contact with someone with no identified risk (NIR-Het). 14.0% of positive HIV test reports were attributed to people who indicated injection drug use.
1. At a Glance - HIV and AIDS in Canada: Surveillance Report to December 31st, 2012 Public Health Agency of Canada.